Silicon wafers are actually semiconductor devices that are heavily used in todays electronics. To some, these micro devices may seem dismissible but they really have important uses in technology. Silicon wafers are primarily used in manufacturing computer chips. Every electronic device that you enjoy these days contains these tiny yet very significant wafers.
Generally, silicon is a good conductor of electricity. If you have it altered, not only will it conduct electricity, you can also make good use of it as an effective insulator. Whats amazing about these sophisticated wafers is that manufacturers only use regular beach sand particles as the main ingredient in the manufacturing process. Everyone knows that sand also acts as a lightning conductor, and the same technology is also utilized in both computer and electronic circuit boards.
The sand used in the wafer manufacturing process is being closely monitored. It must be kept clean at all times, free from any debris. Whenever the manufacturing process is contaminated due to foreign material inclusion, wafers with faulty connections are created. These bad wafers are costly mistakes, thus the manufacturing of silicon wafers must take place in a strictly regulated environment. It must be handled with extreme care by professional and experienced technicians.
Technically, the device can be described as a thin, circular disc mainly used in the semiconductor and integrated circuit manufacturing. There are also other recognized types in the industry like the Gallium Arsenide or the SOI, which is basically silicon on insulator. These are also utilized in electronics, requiring a careful and thorough manufacturing for efficient end products.
Specialized companies that operate a MEMS foundry create these devices. During the manufacturing process of the thin film, the wafers produced can come in various sizes and desired specifications. The composition can include so many components before the fabrication is completed. After this, the finished product is then packaged carefully for distribution.
A special compound is used to clean the finished product. It guarantees consistency so it will not be altered in any way. The cleaner material used is some weak acid adequate enough to remove impurities of any kind. It also takes care of the various issues within the sawing process.
The various sizes in the finished products make up for the different applications, though they are generally determined based on the components mechanical strengths. And even though the sizes vary, these wafers are manufactured in between 100 mm. to about 300 mm. in diameter. These parts and pieces vary in their costs and dependent of course on the size and usage.
The machinery involved in the manufacturing and cutting of these parts can cost a fortune, or likely that of a small factory. Manufacturing and perfecting such small but vital electronic components costs a great deal. There is no other way of going around the process just to save on the manufacturing costs at the least.
All these tiny yet important pieces are integrated in various electronic applications all over the world today. Computer systems are among the obvious benefactors, including mobile phone technology and digital appliances. There is a clear revolution in the world of electronics and silicon wafers are at the forefront, continuously doing wonders for this electronics-dependent world.